Fragmenta Entomologica <p><strong>Fragmenta entomologica</strong> (FE) was founded in 1950 by the lepidopterist Federico Hartig (1900-1980), at that time responsible of the Italian National Institute of Entomology. FE is now property of the Sapienza University of Rome, Italy (Department of Biology and Biotechnologies “C. Darwin”), and represents the scientific journal of the Zoological Museum, Sapienza University Museum Centre.<br> <strong>Fragmenta entomologica</strong> is devoted to publishing high-quality papers dealing with Arthropod biodiversity. It publishes research articles, short scientific notes, reviews articles, comments and editorials. The core scope of the journal includes Taxonomy, Systematics, Molecular phylogeny, Morphology, Paleontology, Biodiversity, Biogeography, Evolutionary biology, Conservation biology, Ecology, Ethology, and Applied Entomology, and embraces all terrestrial, freshwater, and brackish water Arthropods.</p> <p>This journal does not apply charge for publication to Authors as it is supported by institutional funds.</p> PAGEPress Scientific Publications, Pavia, Italy en-US Fragmenta Entomologica 0429-288X <p><strong>PAGEPress</strong> has chosen to apply the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License</strong></a>&nbsp;(CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.<br><br> An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:</p> <ol> <li>the author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.</li> <li>a complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.</li> </ol> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> Amphoraceras rothschildi and A. jordani sp. n.: two sibling species (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) <p>One new species of <em>Amphoraceras</em> which has so far remained unrecognised and intermingled within <em>A. rothschildi</em> is described as <em>A. jordani</em> sp. n. Both species are endemic to New Guinea, where they even happen to locally coexist and overlap phenologically. Main diagnostic features between the two taxa occur in the development of the unusual amphora-shaped structure present on male antenna, which is herewith detailed morphologically, aspects of the habitus and features of the genitalia.</p> Alberto Zilli ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 50 2 77 82 10.4081/fe.2018.301 Two new species of the flea beetle genus Psylliodes Latreille of the montana species-group from Eastern Africa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) <p>In this paper, <em>Psylliodes afromontana</em> sp. nov. and <em>P. shira</em> sp. nov., both from Eastern Africa [Kenya (Kikuyu Escarpment) and Tanzania (Kilimanjaro) respectively], are described. The two new species are attributed to the montana species-group, currently including four other wingless species occurring in the montane forests of Kenya and Tanzania: <em>Psylliodes montana</em> Weise,<em> P. kikuyana</em> Biondi, <em>P. masai</em> Biondi, <em>P. manobioides</em> Nadein. Micrographs of diagnostic characters, comprehending male and female genitalia are supplied. Ecological data for each species, including habitat preference, and phenology are also reported.</p> Maurizio Biondi Paola D'Alessandro ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 50 2 87 94 10.4081/fe.2018.305 Phylogenetically problematic Aater cangshanensis gen. et sp. nov. from Southwest China suggests multiple origins of prosternal canal in Molytinae weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) <p>A new weevil taxon, <em>Aater cangshanensis</em> gen. et sp. nov. is established for a single female specimen sifted from the forest litter on the Cang Shan Mountain Range in Yunnan, China. This small flightless beetle (the combined length of pronotum and elytra is 3.4 mm) has relatively long and straight rostrum, contiguous procoxae and tuberculate elytra with effaced shoulders. Remarkably, the new genus has a prosternal canal on the ventral side of the prothorax. This feature is characteristic to the weevils of the Old World nominal tribe <em>Aminyopini</em> (=Euderini of some authors) and to the China-Nepal genus <em>Niphadomimus</em> (Typoderini). A phylogenetic molecular analysis using an alignment of 2,956 bp from one mitochondrial and two nuclear fragments outputted a mainly inconclusive topology with low backbone resolution. Terminals with prosternal canal were grouped into four clades not most closely related to each other: <em>Aater cangshanensis</em> gen. et sp. nov., <em>Niphadomimus,</em> African Aminyopini and Asian Aminyopini; the latter three clades each with bootstrap support of 100%. The prosternal canal has either evolved more than once, or reversed once or more, or both. The sister group of <em>Aater</em> gen. nov. cannot be reliably identified and, therefore, the new genus is assigned to <em>Molytinae incertae</em> sedis.</p> Vasily V. Grebennikov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 50 2 103 110 10.4081/fe.2018.308 Review of the distribution of Sapygidae in Italy and new records (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea) <p>The distribution of the Italian species of Sapygidae is reviewed and new occurrence records for some species are given. <em>Monosapyga clavicornis</em> (Linnaeus, 1758) is recorded for the first time in Lazio and Abruzzo, <em>Polochrum</em> <em>repandum</em> Spinola, 1806 in Abruzzo, and <em>Sapygina decemguttata</em> (Jurine, 1807) in Veneto. Due to insufficient sampling efforts in Italy, all the Italian species of Sapygidae should be currently considered as Data Deficient (DD) according to the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria.</p> Filippo Ceccolini Fabio Cianferoni ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 50 2 111 116 10.4081/fe.2018.302 New aquatic species of Megaselia Rondani from Bolivia (Diptera: Phoridae) <p>Ten aquatic species of <em>Megaselia</em> Rondani (1856) are reported from the internodes of the large bamboo <em>Guadua</em> <em>angustifolia</em> var. <em>chacoensis</em> in Bolivia. <em>Megaselia</em> <em>aquatica</em> sp. n., and <em>M</em>. <em>imitatrix</em> Borgmeier (1969) are named and seven species given code letters as their males remain unknown. Five of these species closely resemble the distinctive<em> M. imitatrix</em>. The eggs of species C, in addition to a subterminal plastron, uniquely have the rest of the egg covered in fine hairs. Three additional <em>Megaselia</em> species reported from bamboo or other phytotelms in the Americas, <em>Megaselia</em> <em>hansonix</em> Disney (2009), <em>M. rufipes</em> (Meigen) (1804) and <em>M. scalaris</em> (Loew) (1866) are illustrated. A key for <em>Megaselia</em> from the Americas reported from aquatic situations is presented.</p> R. Henry L. Disney Damir Kovac ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 50 2 117 130 10.4081/fe.2018.291 Notes on genus Epitrichius Tagawa, 1941 in Vietnam, with description of a new species and a new synonym (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae, Cetoniinae) <p>The study of several specimens of <em>Epitrichius</em> recently caught in central and southern Vietnam allowed to put in synonymy one species and to describe a new one, which extends considerably southwards the distribution area of the genus.</p> Enrico Ricchiardi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 50 2 131 136 10.4081/fe.2018.304 Rediscovery of Hoplia walterrossii: new localities, first ecological notes, description of the female and conservation issues (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) <p><em>Hoplia walterrossii</em> is a species endemic to Molise, Southern Italy, with completely unknown ecology and virtually known only on the holotype, few additional specimens having been merely listed in a recent paper. Following the discovery of various new populations in the field and of old unpublished samples, we provide new information on ecology, phenology, distribution, and morphology, including the description of the female, so far unknown. <em>H. walterrossii</em> is associated to alluvial soils near the coast, and to lowland floodplains, with apparent tolerance for temporarily flooded areas. Adults are active for about one month, from early May to early June, and have been observed mostly on leaves of canes and on young poplars, never on flowers. An attempt of formal IUCN status assignment is provided, giving the species the “Endagered” status. Suitable habitats for <em>H. walterrossii</em> are small residual meadows and, in particular, wetlands which have been subjected to a recent strong reduction due to human activity. This process, that started centuries ago, is still in progress, in spite of the formal identification of these areas as sites of conservation concern.</p> Marco Uliana Andrea Liberto Valerio Gallerati Daniel Patacchiola ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 50 2 137 144 10.4081/fe.2018.306 A new species of Teratolytta from Iran, with an updated identification key to the males of this genus (Coleoptera: Meloidae) <p><em>Teratolytta capillata</em> sp. n., the southernmost representative of the section I of this genus, is described, figured and the diagnostic characters within <em>T. carlae</em> group are listed. An updated identification key to the males of <em>Teratolytta</em> species is also provided.</p> Sayeh Serri Marco A. Bologna ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 50 2 145 148 10.4081/fe.2018.309 Biodiversity of the endangered coastal beetle Scarites laevigatus: is the northern Adriatic population a geographical subspecies or a case of introgressive hybridisation? (Coleoptera: Carabidae) <p>The ground beetle <em>Scarites laevigatus</em> Fabricius, 1792 is a specialized predator occurring in the Mediterranean sandy shores, currently threatened with disappearance due to the widespread modification of beach ecosystems. The present study purposes a morphological analysis of the northern Adriatic form, described by Puel in 1938 as a subspecies with the name <em>venetianus</em>, in comparison with the typical form of this taxon and S. terricola. The examination of pronotum, elytra, body shape, male genitalia and wing development, suggests that the studied population is different from the nominotypical form and might originate from the introgressive hybridisation of <em>S. terricola</em> with the north Adriatic populations of <em>S. laevigatus</em>. This hypothesis is discussed in the light of current knowledge of the systematics and ecology of the putative parent species.</p> Lorenzo Zanella ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 50 2 149 160 10.4081/fe.2018.274 The importance of beech forests as reservoirs of moth diversity in Mediterranean Basin (Lepidoptera) <p>Study analyzes the macrolepidoptera assemblages in beech woodlands of the Orsomarso Mountains (Pollino National Park, Southern Italy) to assess the role of beech forests in preserving diversity in Mediterranean Basin. Research was run between 2015 and 2016 in 15 stands representative of the main successional stages of forest maturation, placed between 990 and 1,475 meters of elevation. Monthlybased sampling was performed using UV-LED light traps. A total of 33,957 individuals belonging to 410 species was collected. The community is rich and the most abundant and characteristic species (<em>Eilema lurideola</em>, <em>Operophtera fagata</em>, <em>Campaea margaritata</em>) are almost all trophically linked to broadleaves or lichens. The community structure appears fairly constant and recognizable in all stands over the two years of sampling. Young beech forests hosted the greatest number of species compared to other forest maturation stages, though the difference is small. The greatest differences in the community structure are found in the clearings, where generalist and/or related to the herbaceous layer species are mostly represented. Biogeographically widely distributed species prevail, 87% of them having European or Asian-European distribution. There are a number of species of faunistic interest, among which <em>Perizoma juracolaria</em>, <em>Chelis maculosa</em>, <em>Tiliacea citrago</em>, <em>Poecilocampa populi</em>, <em>Triphosa dubitata</em>, <em>Sideridis reticulata</em>, <em>Nebula senectaria</em>, including 13 Italian endemics such as Coenotephria antonii. Populations of many species show significant genetic diversities compared to other European populations. The Orsomarso Mountains beech forests represent an important biodiversity reservoir, even at the genetic level, and show a good degree of naturalness.</p> Marco Infusino Stefano Scalercio ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 50 2 161 170 10.4081/fe.2018.294 The antlions of Cyprus: review and new reports (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae) <p>The antlions (Myrmeleontidae) of Cyprus have been poorly studied and only 13 species were known from this biogeographically interesting island. In light of new field research, we provide an updated checklist to the Cypriot antlions, including seven species reported for the first time from the island. Of these, the findings of the Middle Eastern species <em>Distoleon laticollis</em> and <em>Cueta kasyi</em> are particularly noteworthy. The Cypriot antlion fauna appears dominated by widespread Mediterranean elements, with relatively few Middle Eastern and endemic species.</p> Davide Badano Christodoulos Makris Eddie John Michael Hadjiconstantis David Sparrow Rosalyn Sparrow Bethan Thomas Dušan Devetak ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-01-04 2019-01-04 50 2 95 102 10.4081/fe.2018.307 Lab observations on prolonged chrysalis diapause of Brahmaea (Acanthobrahmaea) europaea Hartig (Lepidoptera: Brahmaeidae) <p><em>Brahmaea (Acanthobrahmaea) europaea</em> Hartig, 1963, is an Italian endemic species exhibiting a very restricted geographic distribution (Basilicata and Campania regions, Grotticelle di Monticchio Nature Reserve and neighbouring areas), and developing as larvae on a few Oleaceae <em>(Fraxinus angustifolia</em> subsp. <em>oxycarpa, Ligustrum vulgare</em> and <em>Phyllirea latifolia).</em> From spring 2015 to spring 2017 a series of bioethological observations on the moth were conducted, as well as surveys aimed to study the distribution of its host plants in the habitats of SAC “Grotticelle di Monticchio”. In this short communication a prolonged diapause of <em>B. europaea</em> chrysalis kept in the laboratory is documented. In spring 2018, four successfully adult eclosions occurred from two years old pupae, a case never previously reported in literature records for this rare and threatened taxon.</p> Renato Spicciarelli ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 50 2 83 86 10.4081/fe.2018.303 First record of Chaeteessa nigromarginata from Peru (Mantodea: Chaeteessidae) <p>The second Peruvian record of the genus <em>Chaeteessa</em> Burmeister and the first of the species <em>Chaeteessa</em> <em>nigromarginata</em> Salazar 2004 are reported.</p> Abdhiel Bustamante-Navarrete ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 50 2 171 174 10.4081/fe.2018.295 New data on the Australasian Xantholinini. 12. New species from New Caledonia (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) <p>In this short contribution some specimens from New Caledonia, colletcted by Dr. Geoff Monteith of the Queensland Museum of Brisbane, are studied and four new species are described and illustrated (<em>Pachycorynus</em> <em>monteithi</em> sp. n., <em>P. flavus</em> sp. n., <em>P. insularis</em> sp. n., and<em> Zeteotomus insularis</em> sp. n.). The known New Caledonian Xantholinini are now represented by 17 species.</p> Arnaldo Bordoni ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 50 2 175 178 10.4081/fe.2018.310