Fragmenta Entomologica <p><strong>Fragmenta entomologica</strong> (FE) was founded in 1950 by the lepidopterist Federico Hartig (1900-1980), at that time responsible of the Italian National Institute of Entomology. FE is now property of the Sapienza University of Rome, Italy (Department of Biology and Biotechnologies “C. Darwin”), and represents the scientific journal of the Zoological Museum, Sapienza University Museum Centre.<br> <strong>Fragmenta entomologica</strong> is devoted to publishing high-quality papers dealing with Arthropod biodiversity. It publishes research articles, short scientific notes, reviews articles, comments and editorials. The core scope of the journal includes Taxonomy, Systematics, Molecular phylogeny, Morphology, Paleontology, Biodiversity, Biogeography, Evolutionary biology, Conservation biology, Ecology, Ethology, and Applied Entomology, and embraces all terrestrial, freshwater, and brackish water Arthropods.</p> PAGEPress Scientific Publications, Pavia, Italy en-US Fragmenta Entomologica 0429-288X <p><strong>PAGEPress</strong> has chosen to apply the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License</strong></a>&nbsp;(CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.<br><br> An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:</p> <ol> <li>the author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.</li> <li>a complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.</li> </ol> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> Description of three new Paratrichius Janson, 1881, from Indochinese peninsula (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae, Cetoniinae) A recent increase in quality collecting activities in Laos and Vietnam, particularly by local collectors, has added significantly to our knowledge of the insect faunas in these countries. The genus <em>Paratrichius</em> Janson, 1881 is no exception, new species are being discovered regularly. In the current study, three new species closely related to <em>Paratrichius</em> <em>vicinus</em> (Bourgoin, 1915) are described. Enrico Ricchiardi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 1 6 10.4081/fe.2018.277 Description of two new species of Calodromus Guérin-Méneville, 1832 from Peninsular Malaysia (Coleoptera: Brentidae, Cyphagoginae) <em>Calodromus</em> <em>mantillerii</em> n. sp. and <em>Calodromus</em> <em>goosseni</em> n. sp. from Perak (Malaysia) are described on two single male specimens. The new taxa are closely related to <em>Calodromus</em> <em>insignis</em> (Senna, 1895) but can be easily distinguished by the very different shape of the first tarsal article of the male hind legs. A key for the identification of the males of the three known species of the <em>Calodromus</em> <em>insignis</em> group is provided. A new locality record of <em>Calodromus</em> <em>insignis</em> from Malaysia is also given. Loong Fah Cheong Luca Bartolozzi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 7 10 10.4081/fe.2018.278 Two new species of Chaetocnema Stephens from South Africa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae, Galerucinae, Alticini) In this paper <em>Chaetocnema</em> <em>adamastori</em> sp. nov. and <em>C. saldanhai</em> sp. nov., both from Western Cape Province (Republic of South Africa), are described. The two new species are closely related with <em>C. audisiana</em> Biondi and<em> C. capensis</em> Bryant, respectively. Micrographs of diagnostic characters, including male and female genitalia, are supplied. Ecological data for each species, including habitat preference, host plant and phenology, are also reported. Maurizio Biondi Paola D'Alessandro ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 11 18 10.4081/fe.2018.279 New species and records of the pseudoscorpion genus Acanthocreagris from Italy (Pseudoscorpiones: Neobisiidae) Three new species of the genus <em>Acanthocreagris</em> Mahnert, 1974 are described from Lombardy (<em>Acanthocreagris grottoloi</em> sp. n.) and Sardinia (<em>Acanthocreagris</em> <em>foghesa</em> sp. n. and <em>Acanthocreagris</em> <em>alguerensis</em> sp. n.). <em>Acanthocreagris</em> <em>sardoa</em> (Beier, 1959) and <em>Acanthocreagris</em> <em>agazzii</em> (Beier, 1966) are redescribed respectively on specimens from Sardinia and Venetian pre-Alps and a key to adults of the Italian species of the genus is provided. Giulio Gardini ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 19 29 10.4081/fe.2018.280 Zelus renardii (Kolenati, 1856), a newly established alien species in Italy (Hemiptera: Reduviidae, Harpactorinae) This note adds new occurrence records of the hemipteran alien species <em>Zelus</em> <em>renardii</em> (Kolenati, 1856) in Italy by citizens, entomologists and photographers. This species was recorded for first time in Rome in 2013. Manuela Pinzari Fabio Cianferoni Stefano Martellos Paride Dioli ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 31 35 10.4081/fe.2018.281 A relict population of Cymbalophora rivularis on the Pollino Massif, southern Italy (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) The first record for South Italy of <em>Cymbalophora</em> <em>rivularis</em> (Ménétriès, 1832) is reported, until now recorded in Italy only for Central Apennine. Three specimens were collected during August-September 2017, in an Acer spp. forest located on Monte Sparviere, a Site of Community Importance within the Pollino National Park. Furthermore, this species was successfully barcoded for the first time. This finding reinforces the biogeographic importance of Pollino Massif as refuge area for relict populations of several animal and plant species. Silvia Greco Francesco Luigi Leonetti Stefano Scalercio ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 37 41 10.4081/fe.2018.282 New bioethological observations on Brahmaea (Acanthobrahmaea) europaea and its host plants in Special Area of Conservation “Grotticelle di Monticchio” (Basilicata, Southern Italy) (Lepidoptera: Brahmaeidae) <em>Brahmaea</em> (<em>Acanthobrahmaea</em>) <em>europaea</em> Hartig, 1963, is an Italian endemic exhibiting an exceedingly restricted geographic distribution. In 1971, a protected site was established for the species: the Nature Reserve of “Grotticelle” (Basilicata Region). Then, the Reserve area was incorporated into the perimeter of the Special Area of Conservation “Grotticelle di Monticchio”. In 1997, for the first time, a group of <em>B</em>. (<em>A</em>.) <em>europaea</em> <em>caterpillars</em> was found in nature. During research conducted in 2013-2014, an egg cluster of <em>B. europaea</em> was observed for the first time, and other groups of larvae were found inside the Reserve. Additional information was acquired about mobility of the caterpillars during their development. Palatability tests allowed to attest <em>Fraxinus</em> <em>angustifolia</em> subsp. <em>oxycarpa</em>, <em>Ligustrum</em> <em>vulgare</em> and <em>Phyllirea</em> <em>latifolia</em> as food plants of the moth among those present in the Reserve. From spring 2015 to spring 2017 other bioethological observations on <em>B</em>. <em>europaea</em> were conducted, as well as surveys aimed to study the distribution of its host plants in the habitats of SAC “Grotticelle di Monticchio”. During 2016, ten egg clusters and numerous groups of caterpillars have been identified on 12 different trees. In 2017, an egg cluster was observed, and other groups of larvae were found. These finding allowed to observe other details on spawning and behaviour of the caterpillars, until to pupate. In addition, a map of local habitat 91B0 “<em>Thermophilous</em> <em>Fraxinus</em> <em>angustifolia</em> woods” is also presented. Renato Spicciarelli ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 43 52 10.4081/fe.2018.283 First records of acclimatized populations of Buprestis dalmatina in Italy (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) <em>Buprestis</em> (<em>Ancylocheira</em>) <em>dalmatina</em> Mannerheim, 1837, an E-Mediterranean Buprestid species, is here recorded for the first time from southern Italy (forest areas of Matera province, Basilicata Region). The here reported records of <em>B. dalmatina a</em>re based on material collected on <em>Pinus halepensis</em> Mill. in re-forested coastal areas; the species is therefore supposed to have been very likely introduced. Some aspects of the ecological relationships of<em> Buprestis dalmatina</em> with the closely related and syntopic<em> Pinus borers B.</em> <em>humeralis</em>, <em>B. novemmaculata</em> and <em>B. haemorrhoidalis</em> <em>haemorrhoidalis</em> in Southern Italy are also briefly discussed. Donato Lorubio Giuseppe Cancelliere Francesco Izzillo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 53 56 10.4081/fe.2018.284 Notes on the Italian distribution of Dolomedes plantarius (Clerck, 1757), species assessed for the IUCN Red List (Araneae: Pisauridae) The great raft spider, <em>Dolomedes</em> <em>plantarius</em>, is a semi-aquatic spider species with an Eurosiberian distribution. As a result of habitat loss and degradation, in 1996 the species was classified as <em>Vulnerable</em> in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, but since then the status has never been updated. We present the frame of the existing knowledge on the distribution of this rare spider species in Italy, based on literature data and on original records gathered in recent years. Finally, we discuss the conservation value of the Italian populations, in light of their peripheral position within the species range and in light of the future reduction of the bioclimatic range of the species due to climate and land cover changes associated with anthropic disturbance Filippo Milano Paolo Pantini Riccardo Cavalcante Marco Isaia ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 69 74 10.4081/fe.2018.285 Flower visitation of Passiflora apetala, P. auriculata and P. holosericea (Passifloraceae) by Pepsis aquila (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae) <em>Pepsis</em> <em>aquila</em> (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae) is reported as an assiduous flower visitor and possible pollinator of <em>Passiflora</em> <em>apetala</em>,<em> P. auriculata</em> and <em>P. holosericea</em> in Costa Rica. The vertex and scutellum of <em>P. aquila</em> becomes abundantly covered with pollen while collecting the nectar from the cup nectaries of Passiflora. The Passiflora visited by <em>P. aquila</em> share some floral characteristics with previously reported plants pollinated by pompilids in Africa. William Ramírez-Benavides Sergio Jansen-Gonzàles ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 57 59 10.4081/fe.2018.286 Yet another alien: a second species of Lepisiota spreading across the Canary Islands, Spain (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) The Canary Islands are a biologically important archipelago hosting many unique species, whose myrmecofauna is peculiarly rich in both endemic and introduced species. <em>Lepisiota</em> <em>frauenfeldi</em> cfr. <em>kantarensis</em> Forel, 1911 is reported for the first time from Fuerteventura and Tenerife. It is the second species of Lepisiota introduced in the archipelago in the last few years, and one of the few documented cases in which <em>Lepisiota frauenfeld</em>i (Mayr, 1855) s.l. acts as a successful tramp species. Comments are also given on taxonomic problems involving the <em>L. frauenfeldi</em>-group and related taxa. Finally, new additional information and comments are presented on the distribution of other alien ants species from the Canary Islands [<em>Lasius neglectu</em>s Van Loon, Boomsma &amp; Andrásfalvy, 1990, <em>Lepisiota capensis</em> (Mayr, 1862) and <em>Paratrechina longicornis</em> (Latreille, 1802)]. Enrico Schifani Vincenzo Gentile Antonio Scupola Xavier Espadaler ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-28 2018-06-28 61 64 10.4081/fe.2018.287 First records of Eyprepocnemis plorans plorans in southeastern Italy (Orthoptera: Acrididae) New populations of <em>Eyprepocnemis</em> <em>plorans</em> <em>plorans</em> (Charpentier, 1825) are first reported for southeastern Italy. The species was found in the period 2013-2017 in different lowland habitats of Apulia and Basilicata. These data may document a most recent colonization of southeastern Italy, which is potentially due to a wide range shift or expansion of species distribution from adjacent regions or countries. Rocco Labadessa Teodoro Dura Giuseppe Mascia Arianna Pisconti Erminio Rolli Wolfgang Wagner ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 65 67 10.4081/fe.2018.288 Taxonomical and bionomical notes on the Sicilian endemic water beetle Ochthebius (Cobalius) biltoni (Coleoptera: Hydraenidae) In this paper we present additional information on taxonomy, ecological preferences and conservation biology of the rare and poorly known Sicilian endemic <em>Ochthebius biltoni</em> Jäch &amp; Delgado, 2017. It represents one of the most outstanding endemic elements of the Sicilian and Italian water beetle fauna. Simone Sabatelli Emiliano Mancini Paolo Audisio ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 75 76 10.4081/fe.2018.289