Fragmenta Entomologica 2020-04-20T12:54:13+00:00 Emanuela Fusinato Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Fragmenta entomologica</strong> (FE) was founded in 1950 by the lepidopterist Federico Hartig (1900-1980), at that time responsible of the Italian National Institute of Entomology. FE is now property of the Sapienza University of Rome, Italy (Department of Biology and Biotechnologies “C. Darwin”), and represents the scientific journal of the Zoological Museum, Sapienza University Museum Centre.<br> <strong>Fragmenta entomologica</strong> is devoted to publishing high-quality papers dealing with Arthropod biodiversity. It publishes research articles, short scientific notes, reviews articles, comments and editorials. The core scope of the journal includes Taxonomy, Systematics, Molecular phylogeny, Morphology, Paleontology, Biodiversity, Biogeography, Evolutionary biology, Conservation biology, Ecology, Ethology, and Applied Entomology, and embraces all terrestrial, freshwater, and brackish water Arthropods.</p> <p>This journal does not apply charge for publication to Authors as it is supported by institutional funds.</p> A new cave dwelling <em>Duvalius</em> from the Aurunci Mountains (Lazio) (Coleoptera: Carabidae) 2020-04-18T00:14:37+00:00 Paolo Magrini Valerio Sbordoni <p>A new anophthalmic carabid beetle belonging to the genus Duvalius Delarouzée, 1859, recently collected in a deep cave in the Southern Aurunci Mountains, Lazio, is described. The new species appears to be the most troglomorphic among all the thus far known Italian <em>Duvalius.</em></p> 2020-04-10T09:27:42+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) Species delimitation by a geometric morphometric analysis within the genus <em>Pseudoathyreus</em> and description of a new species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea: Bolboceratidae) 2020-04-18T00:13:43+00:00 Giuseppe Maria Carpaneto Federico Romiti <p>A geometric morphometric analysis, conducted as part of a taxonomic review of the genus <em>Pseudoathyreus</em> (Coleoptera: Bolboceratidae), allowed us to highlight the differences within a group of closely related species spread from the Sahel region to India, supporting the traditional morphological approach and confirming the presence of a newly discovered species (<em>P. zianii</em> n. sp.).</p> 2020-04-10T11:30:16+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) A third endemic <em>Artena</em> from the Philippines (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) 2020-04-18T00:13:16+00:00 Alberto Zilli Rob de Vos <p><em>Artena uncinata</em> sp. n. from the Philippines (Luzon) is described. This species is a third member of the <em>A.</em> <em>lacteicincta-A. eccentrica</em> group and can readily be separated from its closest allies by the reduced secondary sexual characters of the male and differences in the male genitalia.</p> 2020-04-10T11:34:05+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) A remarkable vicariant of <em>Gespanna confirmata</em> (= <em>pectoralis</em>) from Sulawesi (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) 2020-04-18T00:12:49+00:00 Alberto Zilli <p><em>Gespanna amelieae</em> sp. n. from Sulawesi is described. This species is the second member of a hitherto monotypic genus and the first extra-Sundanan one. Despite the close resemblance to <em>G. confirmata</em> (= <em>pectoralis</em>), it can readily be separated from its congener by the different trend of the postmedial line of forewing.</p> 2020-04-10T11:36:47+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) The early stages of <em>Miomantis binotata</em> and their bearing on the question whether ant mimicry is a larval feature of first stage praying mantises (Mantodea: Mantidae) 2020-04-17T00:17:02+00:00 Joachim T. Haug Veronika Winder Maja Ilic Gideon T. Haug Carolin Haug <p>Ant mimicry, i.e., the mimicking of ant workers by another organism, is a widespread phenomenon among different groups of Euarthropoda, including spiders and different insect species. One example of ant mimicry occurs among praying mantises (Mantodea); here the first stage nymphs have been recorded to perform ant mimicry. In this study, we investigated different nymphal instars of <em>Miomantis binotata</em> for possible morphological similarities to ants. The different instars were compared as stages supposed to perform ant mimicry would differ morphologically from those stages not supposed to resemble ants. The specimens were investigated under different microscopic settings and measurements were performed. Our results do not show significant differences concerning morphological measurements or shape of structures between the different nymphal instars of<em> M. binotata.</em> One prominent difference between stage one nymphs and later stages occurs in the colouration of the body, which is very dark in the earliest nymph. This difference might explain why young nymphs of<em> Miomantis binotata</em> are interpreted as ant-mimicking, despite the apparent lack of other morphological resemblances.</p> 2020-04-10T12:13:07+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) Morphometric differences in populations of <em>Nebria kratteri</em> Dejean and Boisduval, 1830 from two old forests in Calabria (Coleoptera, Carabidae) 2020-04-17T00:15:25+00:00 Federica Talarico Antonio Mazzei Carmen Gangale Giorgia Scrivano Pietro Brandmayr <p>In carabid beetles, several morphometric parameters may vary from one habitat to another. Body size is one of the most important traits in animals because it directly relates to fitness and changes across latitudinal and altitudinal gradients. In this paper, we compare two populations of <em>Nebria kratteri</em> (Coleoptera, Carabidae) sampled in two old forest sites of the Sila Mountain in Calabria. The specimens show significant differences in all morphometric parameters measured, the larger size at one site could be related to intraspecific competition.</p> 2020-04-10T14:29:23+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) New and interesting records of jewel and longhorn beetles from Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park, Italy (Coleoptera: Buprestidae and Cerambycidae) 2020-04-17T00:14:36+00:00 Vladimir Sakalian Enrico Migliaccio Franco Tassi Danail Doychev Georgi Georgiev <p>The present article lists distributional data about 19 taxa, which are new records for the Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park, respectively – 16 jewel and 3 longhorn beetles. Data about 4 Italian endemics (2 buprestids and 2 cerambycids) are listed, and the category of risk according to the Italian IUCN Red Lists is also indicated for each species (when available); among the listed species, 1 is Endangered, 1 is Near threatened and 27 are Least concern.</p> 2020-04-14T08:20:14+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) DNA barcoding unveils the first record of <em>Andrena allosa</em> for Italy and unexpected genetic diversity in <em>Andrena praecox</em> (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae) 2020-04-17T00:13:48+00:00 Maurizio Cornalba Paolo Biella Andrea Galimberti <p>DNA barcoding is well-known to support morphological species identification and it can be helpful for unveiling unexpected populations divergence patterns, especially in the context of the impacts on species posed by global change. In this note, we provided the first Italian record of the alpine mining bee Andrena allosa Warncke, 1975, confirmed with DNA barcoding. In addition, genetic identification of a specimen of <em>Andrena praecox</em> (Scopoli 1753) from western Italy pointed to an unexpected intraspecific genetic structuring at COI DNA barcoding region, with sequences from the Italian and the western sector of its global distribution differing 2.22% (p-dist) from populations of the eastern sector. Given the relevance of these records and of the genetic identity of bee populations from Italy, we argue that implementing molecular surveys in bee monitoring would surely contribute to the conservation of these important pollinators.</p> 2020-04-14T08:37:35+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) Spiders from Molise (Italy): state of knowledge, new faunistic data and taxonomic notes (Arachnida: Araneae) 2020-04-17T00:13:24+00:00 Alessio Trotta <p>The spiderfauna of Molise includes 98 species belonging to 64 genera and 21 families; 48 species are firstly reported for this region, 19 are earlier record confirmed and 31 are earlier record to be confirmed. The following new combination and new synonymies are proposed: <em>Zelotes caprearum</em> (Pavesi, 1875) =<em> Zelotes caporiaccoi</em> Denis, 1953 (not<em> Zelotes caporiaccoi</em> Roewer, 1951) syn. n. = <em>Zelotes denapes</em> Platnick, 1993 syn. n.; <em>Cozyptila nigristernum</em> (Dalmas, 1922) comb. n. = <em>Cozyptila thaleri</em> Marusik and Kovblyuk, 2005 syn. n.</p> 2020-04-14T08:49:58+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) New records of Orthoptera from Molise (Southern Italy) with an updated provisional checklist 2020-04-17T00:15:00+00:00 Filippo Ceccolini Lucia Pizzocaro Fabio Cianferoni <p>New chorological data on some species of Orthoptera from the Italian region Molise are given, and 11 species are recorded as new for this area. Moreover, an updated checklist of the Orthoptera thus far recorded from Molise is provided.</p> 2020-04-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) Hoverfly diversity in Mareschi alluvial alder forest (Piedmont, Italy), and “Syrph the Net” ecological analysis (Diptera: Syrphidae) 2020-04-17T00:12:59+00:00 Umberto Maritano Daniele Sommaggio <p>This paper presents the results of the one-year field research into the hoverfly (Diptera: Syrphidae) in Mareschi, in Sant’Antonino di Susa municipality. The sampling activities were performed with Malaise trap, emerging trap, and entomological net. Monitoring was carried out from March to October 2018 in the over-mature alder forest, classified under the Natura 2000 Habitat code 91E0, considered as a priority in EU 92/43 Habitats Directive. Preliminary data from July to October 2017 are also included. Overall, 74 species were recorded, with the first records of 7 species for Piedmont. Some of the observed species in Mareschi are of primary conservation importance, such as <em>Arctophila superbiens</em> (Müller, 1776), <em>Sphiximorpha subsessilis</em> (Illiger in Rossi, 1807) and <em>Temnostoma bombylans</em> (Fabricius, 1805). The use of Syrph the Net analysis and the comparison with other woods in Po Plain confirm the high naturalistic value of the studied area.</p> 2020-04-14T09:36:46+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) New or little-known bees from Sicily (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) 2020-04-17T00:12:34+00:00 Salvatore Bella Roberto Catania Vittorio Nobile Gaetana Mazzeo <p>The authors report newly recorded species of bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) on the Volcan Etna (Sicily). A total of ten species belonging to three families are recorded: Halictidae (8 species), Megachilidae (1 species), and Apidae (1 species). <em>Pseudapis valga</em> (Gerstaecker), <em>Lasioglossum convexiusculum</em> (Schenck) (Halictidae), <em>Hoplitis laevifrons</em> (Morawitz) (Megachilidae) and <em>Tarsalia ancyliformis</em> Popov (Apidae), are reported for the first time for Sicily and the presence of other bee species is confirmed for the Island. Furthermore, this is the first record of the genus Tarsalia Morawitz for the fauna of Sicily. For each species data are given in relation to the altitudinal level, the plants visited, and the ecological quality of the sites where the specimens were found.</p> 2020-04-14T10:15:34+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) Re-examination of the genus-level taxonomy of the pollen beetle subfamily Meligethinae – Part 1. <em>Sagittogethes</em> Audisio and Cline 2009 and allied genera; with description of a new genus (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) 2020-04-17T00:12:10+00:00 Meike Liu Min Huang Andrew Richard Cline Paolo Cardoli Paolo Audisio Simone Sabatelli <p>Recent molecular and morphological data derived from members of the pollen-beetle subfamily Meligethinae suggest the need to separate the genus <em>Sagittogethes</em> Audisio and Cline, 2009, including species mostly distributed in Western Palaearctic areas, into two distinct (although related) genera, <em>Sagittogethes</em> and <em>Teucriogethes</em> gen. n. This new genus, comprising the Western European <em>Meligethes obscuru</em>s Erichson, 1845 as its type species, includes less than ten species distributed between the Iberian Peninsula and North Africa westward, and China and Japan eastward. All inclusive species utilize members of the genus <em>Teucrium</em> L. (Lamiacaeae: Ajugoideae) as larval host-plants. Morphological and bionomical information, and molecular data clearly demonstrate the necessity for updating the taxonomic position of the two clades. Based on molecular evidence, the new genus represents the sister-group of <em>Thymogethes</em> Audisio and Cline, 2009, while the sister-group relationships of the remaining <em>Sagittogethes</em> taxa with other Lamiaceae-associated genera of Meligethinae remain uncertain. Within the new genus, the relictual and rare Western Mediterranean species <em>T. minutus</em> (C.N.F. Brisout de Barneville, 1863) seems to occupy an isolated position.</p> 2020-04-14T10:52:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) Observations on <em>Ocys monzinii</em> Magrini and Vigna Taglianti, 2006, oreophylous species from the Lombard Pre-Alps (Coleoptera: Carabidae, Bembidiina) 2020-04-18T00:14:10+00:00 Paolo Magrini Mario Grottolo Davide Pedersoli <p>Abstract New iconographic data are here reported and a new record is given (Monte Alben, Bergamo Pre-Alps) for <em>Ocys monzinii</em> Magrini and Vigna Taglianti, 2006; beside, a new morphometric table is provided after newly collected material.</p> 2020-04-10T11:27:50+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) <em>Xanthochroina</em> Ganglbauer, 1881, a new genus of Oedemeridae for the Italian fauna (Coleoptera) 2020-04-18T00:15:31+00:00 Marco A. Bologna Davide Badano Riccardo Poloni <p>In this paper is reported for the first time with certainty the presence in Italy of the genus <em>Xanthochroina,</em> exhibiting a Holarctic discontinuous distribution. The Mediterranean species <em>X. auberti</em> is recorded from western Liguria and information on the range of the species is updated.</p> 2020-04-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) Rediscovery of a species considered to be extinct in the Pollino massif (Calabria, Italy): <em>Erebia gorge</em> (Hübner, [1804]) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) 2020-04-17T00:16:38+00:00 Sandro Piazzini Leonardo Favilli <p>After about 40 years, the presence of <em>Erebia gorge</em> (Hübner, [1804]) has been reconfirmed in the Pollino massif (Calabria, Italy). In July 2019, two specimens (1 ♂ and 1 ♀) were captured in the zone of Monte Pollino cliffs on the east face of the massif at a height of 1990 m. Given the isolation of the population at the southernmost limit of the species’ range, and the fact that this population is seriously threatened by global climate change, it would be of great value to conduct an exhaustive study of the distribution of the species throughout Pollino and of the genetic characteristics of this local population that could differ substantially from other Italian and European populations.</p> 2020-04-10T12:16:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) First record of the ant <em>Formica clara</em> in the Iberian Peninsula (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) 2020-04-17T00:16:13+00:00 Javier Arcos <p>The ant <em>F. clara</em> is reported from two localities in Barcelona (NE Iberian Peninsula), representing the southernmost record of the species in Southwestern Europe. Foraging workers were manually collected from both undisturbed and disturbed habitats. Its separation from the similar species <em>F. cunicularia</em> and<em> F. rufibarbis</em> in the Iberian Peninsula is discussed.</p> 2020-04-10T12:34:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) A new species of <em>Fredlanea</em> Martins and Galileo, 1996 from Peruvian Andes (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae, Lamiinae, Hemilophini) 2020-04-17T00:15:49+00:00 Gino Juarez-Noé Uzbekia Gonzalez-Coronado <p>A new species of genus <em>Fredlanea</em> Martins and Galileo, 1996 is described from Peru: <em>Fredlanea</em> <em>wilderi</em> sp. nov., based on a specimen collected from the Cuyas cloud forest in Piura region, important mountain rainforest of Peruvian Andes. The new taxon is closely related to <em>Fredlanea guaranitica</em> (Lane, 1966) but can be distinguished by presence of yellowish pubescence on proepisterna, mesepimera and metepisterna, and absence of longitudinal strip of yellow pubescence on epipleural margins. A key to Peruvian species of <em>Fredlanea</em> Martins and Galileo, 1996 is provided.</p> 2020-04-10T12:44:59+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) Expanding the European distribution limits of <em>Bruchidius raddianae</em>. First record in Portugal from Vachellia karroo’s infested seeds (Coleoptera: Bruchidae; Fabales: Fabaceae) 2020-04-20T12:54:13+00:00 Francisco A. López-Núñez Liliana Neto Duarte Rafael Yus Ramos Elizabete Marchante Hélia Marchante <p>Several Australian and African Acacia shrubs and trees have been intentionally introduced into the Mediterranean basin for different purposes, but some species become invasive, such as <em>Vachellia karroo</em> (Hayne) Banfi and Galasso (syn. <em>Acacia karroo)</em> (Fabales: Fabaceae). The seed beetles, belonging to family Bruchidae, have a significant ecological and economic importance, either because they can be plant pests or, on the other hand, be used as biocontrol agents against invasive plant species. <em>Bruchidius raddianae</em> (Anton and Delobel, 2003) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) is native to tropical and subtropical areas, but it has been recently reported from Cádiz and Málaga (southern Spain, 2007) and in the Lampedusa Island (Italy, 2015) from seeds of pods collected from<em> V. karroo.</em> This paper reports 104 specimens reared from seeds collected from<em> V. karroo i</em>n Faro (southern Portugal) from August to October 2019, expanding the <em>B. raddianae’</em> European distribution limits. This is also the first report of its presence in Portugal and the third in Europe.</p> 2020-04-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s) The spread of <em>Bombus haematurus</em> in Italy and its first DNA barcode reference sequence 2020-04-17T00:14:12+00:00 Paolo Biella Andrea Galimberti <p>Climate change and human activities are impacting species distribution, and thus, tracking species movements is a key aspect for their conservation and for understanding their biology. Among the bumblebees that are changing distribution, one of the most striking cases of a fast and natural range expansion is the eastern Mediterranean<em> Bombus haematurus.</em> Here we report the first Italian records of this species, with observations from the N-E Italy at a distance of 332 Km from the edge of the historical distribution. These are the westernmost known occurrences of this species and they are not far from a large series of records in several Central European countries of recent colonization. Here, we also obtained and made publicly available the reference COI barcode sequence of<em> Bombus haematurus</em> and shown that is significantly different from other similar species at this genetic marker. Coupling morphology, field-data and genetic identity should greatly improve the efficiency of tracking species movements and therefore also their knowledge in both recently colonized and historical areas.</p> 2020-04-14T08:27:10+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 the Author(s)