Fragmenta Entomologica 2019-11-19T11:22:35+01:00 Emanuela Fusinato Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Fragmenta entomologica</strong> (FE) was founded in 1950 by the lepidopterist Federico Hartig (1900-1980), at that time responsible of the Italian National Institute of Entomology. FE is now property of the Sapienza University of Rome, Italy (Department of Biology and Biotechnologies “C. Darwin”), and represents the scientific journal of the Zoological Museum, Sapienza University Museum Centre.<br> <strong>Fragmenta entomologica</strong> is devoted to publishing high-quality papers dealing with Arthropod biodiversity. It publishes research articles, short scientific notes, reviews articles, comments and editorials. The core scope of the journal includes Taxonomy, Systematics, Molecular phylogeny, Morphology, Paleontology, Biodiversity, Biogeography, Evolutionary biology, Conservation biology, Ecology, Ethology, and Applied Entomology, and embraces all terrestrial, freshwater, and brackish water Arthropods.</p> <p>This journal does not apply charge for publication to Authors as it is supported by institutional funds.</p> In memory of Augusto Vigna Taglianti (1943-2019) 2019-11-19T11:22:27+01:00 Giuseppe Maria Carpaneto Marco Alberto Bologna Paolo Audisio Maurizio Biondi Marzio Zapparoli <p>On the evening of June 7th, 2019, Augusto Vigna Taglianti died in Rome at the age of almost 76 years, after a long illness, tenderly assisted by his wife Giuliana. Formerly a Professor of Entomology at the Sapienza University of Rome, he was a Full Member of the Italian National Academy of Entomology and of the National Academy of Sciences (the “Accademia dei XL”) [...]</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae) 2019-11-19T11:22:29+01:00 Paolo Pantini Marco Isaia <p>In this contribution we present the Catalog of Italian spiders, produced on the base of the available scientific information regarding spider species distribution in Italy. We analysed an amount of 1124 references, resulting in a list of 1670 species and subspecies, grouped in 434 genera and 53 families. Information on spider biodiversity in Italy has increased rapidly in the last years, going from 404 species at the end of XIX century, to 1400 in the 1990s, to the current 1670. However, the knowledge on the distribution of the Italian species is far from being complete and it seems likely that there are still new species to be found or described. The Italian spider fauna is characterized by the presence of a relevant number of endemic species (342). Concerning families, Linyphiidae show the highest number of species (477) and the highest number of endemics (114). Gnaphosidae (166) and Salticidae (144) follows in terms of species richness, while Dysderidae (72) and Agelenidae (38) follows as total number of endemics. Information regarding the regional distribution revealed great unbalance between Northern and Southern Italy, with very scarce records for some regions in the South. This work is accompanied by an online version freely available online at, where all information is thoroughly detailed and regularly updated by the authors. Besides spiders, we also provide, the species lists of other Arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). The lists and the associated details are available in a dedicated section of the online version of the Catalog.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## 'Awareness' in metamorphosing pupae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) 2019-11-19T11:22:31+01:00 Timothy C. Hawes <p>Neurobiological studies of model insect species have established that the nervous system retains some larval innervations, remodels others, and develops other new adult innervations during metamorphosis. Using a simple behavioral response – the ability to ‘kick’ by pupae of the pierid, Catopsilia pomona (Fabricius, 1775) - it was possible to assay for the retention of environmental awareness during ontogenetic reorganization. All pupae kicked 24h after ecdysis, 48% of pupae kicked at the pharate adult stage, and 28% of pupae kicked every day of their development (6.52 d ± 0.10). Both the mode and temporal expression of the response indicate that this retained awareness has larval origins. Variability in the response supports the inference that this response is mediated, to some extent, by prior experience rather than purely ‘reflex’. This is consistent with a Darwinian explanation of the behavior (and retained environmental awareness itself) as serving a protective function in pupae.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## New genera, species, and records of Trichogrammatidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) 2019-11-19T11:22:27+01:00 Gennaro Viggiani <p>The following new genera and species are described: Adryas indica sp. nov., Chaetogramma (Chaetogrammina) asensillatum sp. nov., Chaetostricha brevifuniculata sp. nov., Chaetostricha huberi sp. nov., Haeckeliania africana sp. nov., Haeckeliania bicornis sp. nov., Haeckeliania brevimarginata sp. nov., Haeckeliania densiciliata sp. nov., Haeckeliania ipersensillata sp. nov., Haeckeliania longiterebrata sp.nov., Haeckeliania macrosensillata sp. nov., Haeckeliania malaysiana sp. nov., Haeckeliania pachivenata sp. nov., Haeckeliania trilongisensillata sp. nov., Hayatia longicornis sp. nov., Hydrophylita pacifica sp. nov., Indonesiagramma bistigmatum gen. nov., sp. nov., Masnerigramma sinicum gen. nov., sp. nov., Oligosita dolichogaster sp. nov., Oligosita kenyota sp.nov., Oligosita microciliata sp. nov., Probrachista biclavata sp. nov., Probrachista longiciliata sp. nov., Probrachista triclavata sp. nov., Pseudogrammina bifasciatipenne sp. nov., Pseudogrammina longifrangiata sp. nov., Pseudoligosita biclavata sp. nov., Pseudoligosita ipersensillata sp. nov., Pseudoligosita macrosensillata sp. nov., Trichogramma unicum sp. nov. New data and records are reported for Chaetogramma caudata (De Santis) and Probrachista nepalensis Viggiani.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Community structure of tenebrionid beetles in the Ulan Buh Desert (Inner Mongolia, China) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) 2019-11-19T11:22:26+01:00 Yiping Niu Guodong Ren Giulia Lin Letizia Di Biase Simone Fattorini <p>Tenebrionids are a conspicuous faunal component of Central Asian deserts, but little is known about their community ecology. We investigated how tenebrionid community structure varied along a vegetational gradient in the Ulan Buh Desert (Gobi Desert). Sampling was done with pitfall traps in three sites with different vegetation cover. Species abundance distributions were fitted by the geometric series model, which expresses the “niche pre-emption” hypothesis. Community structure was investigated using different measures of diversity (number of species, Margaleff richness and Shannon-Weaner index), dominance (Simpson and Berger-Parker indexes) and evenness (Pielou’s index). The observed tenebrionid species richness was similar to that known from other Gobi Desert sites. The three investigated sites have similar species-abundance patterns, but the most dominant species varied among them. This suggests that the local environment operates a filtering action on the same basic fauna, allowing different species to dominate under different conditions. Overall, the highest total abundance was observed in the true desert site, however this site had a community structure similar to that observed in the site with more vegetation. By contrast, the investigated site with intermediate conditions showed a higher diversity and evenness, and a lower dominance. Thus, intermediate conditions of plant cover favour tenebrionid diversity, whereas a dense cover or a very sparse cover increases the dominance.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Contribution to the knowledge of the genus Clanoptilus Motschulsky, 1854 in Italy (Coleoptera: Cleroidea, Malachiidae) 2019-11-19T11:22:33+01:00 Gabriele Franzini <p>In this paper, the species of the genus Clanoptilus Motschulsky, 1854 mentioned for the Italian territory are reviewed. Two separate keys are provided for identification of males and females. For each species a discussion of taxonomic status and distribution in Italy, and the list of localities of studied specimens are also presented. Clanoptilus affinis subconcolor (Pic, 1911) and Clanoptilus spinipennis brevispina (Kiesenwetter, 1871) are tentatively proposed as valid subspecies or separate semi-species. The new synonymy Clanoptilus bellieri (Peyron, 1877) = Clanoptilus transadriaticus (Evers, 1970) is also proposed.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Insights into the late-Sixties taxocenosis of Oniscidea from the Pontine islands (West Mediterranean) (Peracarida: Isopoda) 2019-11-19T11:22:32+01:00 Gabriele Gentile Roberto Argano Stefano Taiti <p>We report and discuss faunistic data of Oniscidea inhabiting the Pontine islands, a group of five small volcanic islands and several islets in the Tyrrhenian Sea, located about 60 km from the Italian mainland. Data here presented were primarily obtained from the examination of the material collected during a three-year (1965-1968) research program supported by the Italian National Council of Research and aimed at investigating Mediterranean small island faunas, including Oniscidea. Despite the sampling was not specifically directed at Oniscidea, these data may provide insights into the structure of the Oniscidean taxocenosis of the islands as it existed fifty years ago. Thirty-five species belonging to 11 families, 8 ecological and 7 biogeographical classes were found on these islands. Such number of species of Oniscidea is very high, if we consider the low number of islands and their small sizes. Changes in climate and environmental conditions occurred in the last fifty years would call for a new investigation.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Records of seven species of native and exotic bark beetles new to Pu’u Wa’awa’a Dry Forest Unit, Hawai‘i Island (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) 2019-11-19T11:22:26+01:00 Conrad P.D.T. Gillett Christine Elliott Daniel Rubinoff <p>As part of ongoing surveys for native bark beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) across the Hawaiian Islands, we undertook targeted sampling at Pu’u Wa’awa’a Experimental Forest Unit, North Kona, on the northwestern part of Hawai‘i Island during February to April of 2018 and 2019. This is one of the few areas containing remaining native dry forest on the leeward, dry side of the island. Our sampling revealed the presence of seven species of bark beetles not previously recorded from Pu’u Wa’awa’a. These included two native and endemic Hawaiian species belonging to the genus Xyleborus Eichhoff (tribe Xyleborini). The other five species are the exotic Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari, 1867), or the coffee berry borer, belonging to the tribe Cryphalini, which is a serious pest of coffee in the Hawaiian Islands, and four widespread adventive species belonging to the tribe Xyleborini, including Xyleborus ferrugineus (Fabricius, 1801), whose frass has been demonstrated to be able to contain a fungus that is a causative agent of the plant disease Rapid ʻŌhiʻa Death which currently poses a threat to native ʻōhiʻa lehua trees. These records are presented and discussed in detail, and the newly recorded species are illustrated in colour photographs.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The jewel beetle Lamprodila (Palmar) festiva Linné, 1767, a new invasive urban pest of Cupressaceae in Cluj area (Romania) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) 2019-11-19T11:22:35+01:00 Horia Bunescu Teodora Florian <p>The jewel beetle Lamprodila festiva (Linné, 1767), in natural habitats of S Europe originally associated with Juniperus spp. (Juniper; Cupressaceae), has been recorded as a recent invasive pest in several European areas, affecting different genera of these coniferous trees and spreading rapidly during the last few years in many countries of Europe. The research was carried out in 2017-2018 in Cluj-Napoca area (Romania), in field and laboratory conditions. The aim of our studies was to identify and study some populations of this new invasive pest occurring in urban areas of NW Romania.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Description of the female of Xiphodontus endroedyi Bartolozzi, 2005 (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) 2019-11-19T11:22:35+01:00 Luca Bartolozzi Renzo Perissinotto Lynette Clennell <p>The female of Xiphodontus endroedyi Bartolozzi, 2005 is described for the first time. The new locality record for this species shows that it actually has a wide distribution range across the Cape Floral Region, in the Fynbos Biome. Both larvae and adults were found boring into dead wood at the base of senescent trunks of a variety of Proteaceae species, including the alien invasive Hakea sericea.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A new genus and species of Mesostylini Reitter, 1913 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) 2019-11-19T11:22:34+01:00 Enzo Colonnelli Alessandro Paladini <p>Is described the new genus Viridistylus n. gen. and its type species Viridistylus robustus n. sp. from Tajikistan belonging to the entimine tribe Mesostylini. A key to the genera of Mesostylini thus far known, and illustration of the new species are included.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Anthrenus (Anthrenops) coloratus Reitter, 1881: a new pest in Italian entomological collections (Coleoptera: Dermestidae) 2019-11-19T11:22:30+01:00 Gianluca Nardi Jiří Háva <p>The first infestation of a museum entomological collection in Italy by Anthrenus (Anthrenops) coloratus Reitter, 1881 is recorded; it was detected in Rome (Lazio Region) in 2014. General distribution and biological data on this pest are summarized.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The likely alien species Pseudacrobasis tergestella (Ragonot, 1901) in central Italy (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) 2019-11-19T11:22:29+01:00 Manuela Pinzari Mario Pinzari Gianluca Bencivenga Zerun Zerunian <p>In this paper, we refer to the finding of Pseudacrobasis tergestella in central Italy. This species was found in Europe and described for the first time from NE Italy; subsequently it was found in Eastern Asia and described again as P. nankingella. In Italy, only two specimens from the North and four specimens from the South were known. Now the species was also recorded in central Italy providing evidence of the continuity of its distribution in our country.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## First record of the migrant dragonfly Pantala flavescens for mainland Italy (Insecta: Odonata) 2019-11-19T11:22:28+01:00 Lorenza Piretta Giacomo Assandri <p>In this contribution we report the observation of an individual of the migrant dragonfly Pantala flavescens (Fabricius, 1798) found at Montanaro (Piemonte, Italy) on 14 Aug 2019. This represents the first record of the species for mainland Italy and one of the very few available for Western and Central Europe before 2019. We discuss two hypotheses on the origin of this individual integrating available literature with very recent records retrieved from citizen science faunistic platforms.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## First records of Attagenus smirnovi Zhantiev, 1973 from Italy in South Tyrol (Coleoptera: Dermestidae) 2019-11-19T11:22:32+01:00 Elia Guariento Filippo Colla Michael Steinwandter Jiří Háva Julia Seeber <p>The Dermestidae species Attagenus smirnovi Zhantiev, 1973 was discovered in two household in South Tyrol, making it the first official records for this species in Italy. The larvae feeds upon dried organic materials, making this species a common pest in museum collections and households in Central and Northern Europe. The spread of A. smirnovi in Italy was expected but has not yet been recorded. Further, developments of its distribution need to be monitored to prevent damaging infestations, especially to museum collections.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Mole Cricket Neoscapteriscus didactylus from Guadeloupe with advice to wear and tear of dactyls (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae) 2019-11-19T11:22:31+01:00 Matthias Jentzsch <p>A mole cricket Neoscapteriscus didactylus (Latreille, 1804) was found in 2019 in Saint Rose, Guadeloupe (West Indies). This is the first secured record for this French overseas department. Wear of some dactyls of the insect’s foretibiae is presented.</p> 2019-11-15T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##